Welcome to ICAR-CIRC Central Institute for Research on Cattle

The Central Institute for Research on Cattle (CIRC) was founded as a nodal institution to monitor, coordinate and support all research and development projects for cattle improvement in the VII Five year Plan on 3rd November 1987 at Military Farms School & Research Centre, Meerut, by upgrading the status of All-India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Cattle. The institute was conceived to take advantage of the achievements made in the AICRP and earlier crossbreeding experiments at organized farms and under field conditions for evolution of a national milch breed (Frieswal Project) from a reasonably large crossbred base (Sahiwal x Holstein-Friesian), which was a limiting factor under AICRP on Cattle. Keeping in view the importance of indigenous breeds, known for their adaptability and disease resistance qualities, Indigenous Breeds Project (IBP) was undertaken in collaboration with the SAUs, State Govt. and Non Government Organizations. Similarly, Field Progeny Testing (FPT) project was undertaken to bring about improvement in crossbred cattle at farmers` herd. After initial set up at Military Farm School and Research Centre, CIRC had been functional at Shastri Nagar and later on at Modipuram, Meerut, before it finally shifted to its present location occupying a 30 acres campus at Grass Farm Road, Meerut Cantt, where the Directorate`s own building has come up in the year 2000. The campus boasts of lush green lawns and delightful ambiance. Directorate undertakes research, coordination and consultancy on the improvement of cattle by employing latest strategic breeding and reproductive tools and works closely with universities and other specialist institutes. Since its establishment, the CIRC has played a vital role in the country`s cattle improvement programmes and in pursuit of research.

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Director's Message

Dr. Abhijit Mitra

Innovations play an important role in food production as well as in optimizing resource utilization by farmers. An innovation is an idea, practice or object that is perceived as new by an individual or others in a given system. The technologies/practices that are developed through research are innovations which may be new varieties of crops and plants, new breeds of livestock, new chemicals and medicines, new technique of doing things etc.Cattle rearing is an integral part of Indian farming system which is now fairly organized to become dairy industry. Country has the largest number of cattle population (192.49 million) including 50.42 million crossbreds to suit different category of farmers in various agro climatic conditions, and continues to be the highest producer of milk (176.35 MT in 2017-18).In addition, cattle draft power and dung also contribute significantly to out put from cattle sector. Majority of the cattle population is however, non-descript capable of producing approximately 500 kg milk in lactation. With shrinking resources, there is urgent need to genetically improve and manage these animals through modern scientific tools to enhance their productivity. CENTRAL INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH ON CATTLE aim to improve cattle productivity in the country, through different developmental programmes. This website presents comprehensive information on this Directorate. I believe that the information available on the site will be useful to viewers including students, planners and those who are engaged in cattle rearing & development programmes.

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Vision & Mission

"Improvement of cattle for high productivity and profitability.


"Germplasm improvement and technology development for realizing enhanced productivity  and profitability"    


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Mandate

1. To undertake basic, applied and adaptive research on all aspects of cattle production and reproduction and to standardize package of practices.
2. To evolve a national milch breed of cattle "FRIESWAL", testing of crossbred bulls under field conditions and to undertake programme on genetic improvement of indigenous breeds of cattle.

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